|Kate Adie, United Kingdom
Lifetime Achievement Award
Relentless sniper fire and sporadic bombing marked Kate Adie’s worst days covering the news from war zones around the globe. Five rounds rocked her land rover, literally lifting her to the roof, as metal sliced into her thigh.
“We were under relentless pressure and operating without any sleep,” recalled Adie, recounting nearly five years of reporting for BBC during the Bosnian war. “Twenty yards in front of us a huge British military vehicle went over a land mine that blew up – that could have been us. We were under constant sniper fire and random shelling.”
Adie – the IWMF’s 2011 Lifetime Achievement Award winner – has been a pioneer for women reporting from the frontlines for BBC the last 40 years. As BBC’s first female chief news correspondent, Adie has rushed to cover so many wars around the world that one cartoonist once drew a soldier’s ode to her: “We can’t start yet…Kate Adie isn’t here.”
“Kate appeared at so many turbulent datelines that it led to the saying, ‘Never mind the sheriff, when Katie Adie hits town it’s time to get out of Dodge City,’” said Stephen Claypole, former CEO of Associated Press Television News.
During the first Gulf War, Adie slept overnight in a freshly dug grave after flying into a bombed-out region in Kuwait. She tracked down Mujahedin fighters in Afghanistan, who cleared away ammunition boxes for a lengthy lunch during the war with Russia in 1989. As Bangladesh flooded in 1988, Adie and her crew filmed and bailed as they floated along to cover the disaster. Adie traced the plight of forsaken refugees in Rwanda fleeing to the border of Zaire after tribal massacres. And she was in Sierra Leone reporting the action during the British military intervention in 2000.
“Television has changed with the advent of 24-hour news. The kind of eyewitness reporting that we were trained in has all but disappeared. It has been shunted aside by stand up reports with live cameras for the 24-hour system that dominates. That means a reporter can’t be were the action is. Satellite dishes don’t stand on battlefields and in the middle of riots and demonstrations. In many cases reporters are now in the role of presenters of information,” Adie, 64, said. “In some instances during the second Gulf War people were reporting from Baghdad reading what was on their laptops. You could do that standing on a beach in Hawaii, as far as I’m concerned.”
Adie was a pathfinder in the heyday of foreign news coverage, when BBC sent her parachuting into the action for breaking news stories. She emerged with a wry sense of humor, declaring, “Sleeping in a grave in Kuwait was very comfy – tanks don’t always see you, and it’s one of the safer places.” Although tough and hard working, Adie often describes herself as “a gnat alighting on the faces of history.”
Her deadpan British wit remains intact recounting how she survived five rounds of mortars inside a land rover in Bosnia, except for a chunk of metal in her foot. “You want your toes, yes?” she recalls the surgeon later saying. “So you keep the bullet in there.” She suffered a gunshot wound in her elbow during the Tiananmen Square protests and an injured collarbone after an irate Libyan shot her.
Adie’s "defining moment” as a journalist was in April 1980, when she covered the dramatic ending of a six-day siege of the Iranian embassy in London when special forces stormed the building and released terrified hostages. The BBC interrupted sports coverage, and Adie reported live and unscripted while crouching behind a car door.
But starting out decades ago, Adie encountered “attitudes that were from the age of dinosaurs,” she said. “At my first BBC meeting they asked me to take the minutes. I said, ‘Why? I don’t do shorthand.’ And they looked at me horrified. You had old-fashioned camera crews who could be aggressive about women and their place in reporting. I’d get to the interview and the camera crew would think I was a secretary and ask, ‘Where’s the reporter?’ I stressed that I intended to do the job and wouldn’t put up with such nonsense.”
By the early 90s when she was covering Bosnia, Adie sensed a “big change” in the media landscape with more women than men reporting on the frontlines. “More women were making it into the newsroom, but at the same time some felt constrained to volunteer to go to war. Quite a few said they wouldn’t be there covering the war if it weren’t for the pressure. But I wanted to go,” she said.
“Today everything’s changed. My advice to women who want to get into journalism is to work for anybody. Get the time in, learn what you are doing and feel strongly about this. Don’t come into it for the fame and fortune. Do something where you find you wake up in the morning and say,’ Look what I’m going to do.”
Adie, now a presenter on BBC Radio 4’s “From Our Own Correspondent,” has become “a role model for female journalists the world over,” said Reuters News Global Editor Chris Cramer, formerly of BBC. Cramer said that after years of reporting with “passion and sensitivity,” Adie pulled back from covering war zones in 2003 and turned to documentary work for BBC.
She went on to write “Corsets to Camouflage,” a history of women in wartime, and “Nobody’s Child,” a book describing her adoption as “my first appearance in court as a babe in arms.” Adie has won three Royal Television Society News Awards, the Broadcasting Press Guild’s Award for Outstanding Contribution to Broadcasting, the Bafta Richard Dimbleby Award and an Order of the British Empire. She is honorary professor of journalism at the University of Sunderland and has an honorary fellowship at the Royal Holloway at the University of London.
Adie is “thrilled” to receive the IWMF’s 2011 Lifetime Achievement Award. “I’m terribly grateful. As someone who started out in journalism because I saw it as something fascinating and exciting, I didn’t expect awards for it. I can’t believe people actually pay you to do the work.”